Egypt splits into two equally irreconcilable political camps
It is mad in Egypt. On the surface, similar to the political situation a classic topartistruktur where Islamists disagree with the liberal-secular about the country's future - so disagree, in fact, that the last Friday bumping along on Tahrirpladsen. 110 were injured in street battles, which were fought with stones, Molotov cocktails and iron bars, and police and military were as sunk into the ground. That no one was killed, described as a miracle by Sameh Elbarghy, a politician and activist, Information've talked to.
The secular demonstrated against the Islamic president, Islamists marched in protest against a court's acquittal of two dozen people from the Mubarak era, who were accused of complicity in the murder of activists during the revolution in January-February last year. The Muslim Brotherhood mobilized one day's notice of its activists for the 'just cause', and also took the sting out of the anti-Islamic manifestation.
And during topartioverfladen see it according Elbarghy bad out: "We are getting a new dictator, and the only difference to its predecessor is that he has a beard," he said by telephone from Cairo. "All legislation is cut to the brotherhood template."
Sameh ElBarghy is the former leader of the Muslim Brotherhood youth policy department, but broke with the Brotherhood in June last year in protest against the Brothers alliance with the then military leadership of the country. His anger remark on the Islamic President Mohamed Mursi as 'dictator with a beard' relates to the current conflict on a new Egyptian constitution. Elbarghy think that the new constitution is as undemocratic as the current from Hosni Mubarak period. "It is stripped of freedoms, both the individual and the collective, such as the press," he says, "and it gives the president too broad powers in relation to parliament."
Recently on Tuesday will Egyptians learn more about the new constitution fate. Since, a Cairo court is to decide secular groups complain about the content of the draft, published.
In fact, there issued two draft prepared by a commission of 100 members - men and a few women - and with the Islamic majority. They have not been able to agree on the constitutional independence of the Court of crucial points: Gender equality, children's rights, the president's right to appoint new government without regard to whether it has a majority against it, the military's economic immunity and Islamic Law concrete impact on legislation. One point of contention is al Azhar university independence of the State - the university is considered to be sunniislams highest religious authority, and the Muslim Brotherhood wants to control it by appointing chief imam.
The situation is completely open
The constitutional dispute is seen as complicated set of an ultra short conversation with Professor Hassan Nafaa, one of Egypt's prominent government legal experts in Mubarak period was a democratic opposition voice. When he heard about the Information errand, he replied: "Come to Cairo, I can tell you about constitutional crisis." - But could you answer a few short questions?
"There can be no answer brief on the case, so I have absolutely no time."
For it is complicated substance that range across a spectrum from ultra-conservative Salafists, requiring God put upon the people of the Constitution definition of state sovereignty, the Egyptian Constitutional Court, Egypt's Supreme Court, whose judges (most appointed by Mubarak) is furious that the draft Constitution 'is left to the president's mercy. "
The judges require their independence from state power specified in a special supplement to the Constitution. The Constitutional Commission overwhelming Muslim majority has resulted in nine liberal-secular members have resigned in protest, and was this week replaced by nine others. "The constitutional proposals on the way, will be essential if we get a general election in the foreseeable future - or whether we should have a new Commission and thus another round before we can go to the polls," said Ahmed Seddik, a young Egyptian political scientist. "The two camps are mildly disagree, so no one knows what it ends up."
The assessment is shared by Jakob Erle, Director of the Danish-Egyptian Dialogue Institute in Cairo: "The present first draft of the Constitutional Commission seems stripped of all attempt at personal freedoms.Everything Commissioners disagree on is not to be found in the draft, published, and as far as I can see, the situation is completely open. "
- How open?
"Open in the sense that no one can predict the outcome of a possible referendum on the draft that is."
Egypt's secular parties will now come up with their own proposal for a new constitution, and in recent weeks has been meeting on an anti-Islamic collection.
It should be organized prior to the parliamentary elections which will result from the adoption of a new constitution. On the Islamic side, there are initiatives to 'Islamic Front' consisting of brotherhood party, Freedom and Justice Party, which in September to January won 40 percent of the seats in the now dissolved parliament, and the Salafi parties and movements to the right of the Brethren .